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abolish abolition of slavery abolitionism abolitionists action adopted African slave trade afterwards agitation American Anti-Slavery Society anti Assembly Association authority Baptist Bible Board body Boston British Carolina cause CHAPTER Christian citizens civil government claims colonies Colonization Society colored Committee compromises Conference Congregational Congress connection Convention declared earnest ecclesiastical emancipation enactments England fact favor Federal Constitution Federal Government Free Soil Free Soil party freedom friends fugitive slaves Garrison Gerrit Smith Granville Sharp guaranties held holding human important influence labor legislation Legislature Liberty party Lord Massachusetts master measures ment Mexican Mexico ministers missionaries moral National negroes North northern organization political position Presbyterian present President principles pro-slavery churches prohibited religion religious resolutions respect sects Senate sentiment slave power slave question slaveholding South South Carolina Southern territory testimony Texas tion Union United views Virginia vote Wilmot proviso York
Page 83 - And, for extending the fundamental principles of civil and religious liberty, which form the basis whereon these republics, their laws and constitutions are erected; to fix and establish those principles as the basis of all laws, constitutions, and governments, which forever hereafter shall be formed in the said territory...
Page 100 - Under these impressions, they earnestly entreat your serious attention to the subject of slavery, that you will be pleased to countenance the restoration of liberty to those unhappy men who alone, in this land of freedom, are degraded into perpetual bondage...
Page 83 - There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted. Provided always that any person escaping into the same from whom labor or service is lawfully claimed in any one of the original States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid.
Page 423 - I would therefore call the special attention of Congress to the subject, and respectfully suggest the propriety of passing such a law as will prohibit, under severe penalties, the circulation in the Southern States, through the mail, of incendiary publications intended to instigate the slaves to insurrection.
Page 30 - The whole commerce between master and slave is a perpetual exercise of the most boisterous passions, the most unremitting despotism on the one part, and degrading submissions on the other.
Page 485 - Congress, and the entire history of that period,— clearly show that it was the settled policy of the nation not to extend, nationalize, or encourage, but to limit, localize, and discourage slavery; and to this policy, which should never have been departed from, the government ought to return.
Page 245 - The inhabitants of the ceded territory shall be incorporated in the Union of the United States, and admitted as soon as possible, according to the principles of the Federal constitution, to the enjoyment of all the rights, advantages, and immunities, of citizens of the United States ; and, in the mean time, they shall be maintained and protected in the free enjoyment of their liberty, property, and the religion which they profess.
Page 422 - We owe an obligation to the laws, but a higher one to the communities in which we live, and if the former be perverted to destroy the latter, it is patriotism to disregard them.
Page 86 - The first question that offers itself is, whether the general form and aspect of the government be strictly republican. It is evident that no other form would be reconcilable with the genius of the people of America ; with the fundamental principles of the Revolution ; or with that honorable determination which animates every votary of freedom, to rest all our political experiments on the capacity of mankind for self-government.