Legislation for Women in Oregon

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Catholic University of America, 1924 - Women - 153 pages

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Page 90 - That woman's physical structure and the performance of maternal functions place her at a disadvantage in the struggle for subsistence is obvious. This is especially true when the burdens of motherhood are upon her. Even when they are not, by abundant testimony of the medical fraternity continuance for a long time on her feet at work, repeating this from day to day, tends to injurious effects upon the body, and as healthy mothers are essential to vigorous offspring, the physical well-being of women...
Page 90 - ... physical structure and a proper discharge of her maternal functions — having in view not merely her own health, but the well-being of the race — justify legislation to protect her from the greed as well as the passion of man.
Page 22 - The property and pecuniary rights of every married woman at the time of her marriage or afterwards acquired by gift, devise or inheritance...
Page 91 - The limitations which this statute places upon her contractual powers, upon her right to agree with her employer as to the time she shall labor, are not Imposed solely for her benefit, but also largely for the benefit of all.
Page 90 - Differentiated by these matters from the other sex, she is properly placed in a class by herself, and legislation designed for her protection may be sustained, even when like legislation is not necessary for men and could not be sustained.
Page 91 - Nevertheless, there is a dictate of nature more imperious and more ancient than any bargain between man and man, that the remuneration must be enough to support the wage earner in reasonable and frugal comfort.
Page 29 - When property is owned by either husband or wife, the other has no interest therein which can be the subject of contract between them...
Page 93 - AN ACT to protect the lives and health and morals of women and minor workers, and to establish an Industrial Welfare Commission and define its powers and duties, and to provide for the fixing of minimum wages and maximum hours and standard conditions of labor for such workers, and to provide penalties for violation of this act.
Page 90 - The single question is the constitutionality of the statute under which the defendant was convicted so far as it affects the work of a female in a laundry. That it does not conflict with any provisions of the State constitution is settled by the decision of the Supreme Court of the State.
Page 98 - So that the first and principal question for decision is whether the provisions of the act before us are within the police power of the state. Professor Tucker, in 8 Cyc. 863, says: Police power is the name given to...

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