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according Adam Smith agriculture amount appears called capital cause century Chap chapter chief commerce commodities concept concerning considerable considered cost criticism demand depends desire determined discussion distinction distribution doctrine economic thought economists effect element emphasized England English equal Essay exchange exist fact factors foreign German give given greater hand human idea important increase individual industry influence interest labor land largely later leading less limited Malthus manufactures material matter means measure Mercantilists method Mill natural necessary objective original philosophy Physiocrats Political Economy population possible present principle production profits reasoning regarded regulation relation relative rent result Ricardo rise Roman says School seems shows social society subsistence suggested supply theory things tion trade utility wages wants wealth whole writers
Page 100 - I think it will be but a very modest computation to say, that of the products of the earth useful to the life of man...
Page 179 - Every individual is continually exerting himself to find out the most advantageous employment for whatever capital he can command.
Page 172 - It is but equity, besides, that they who feed, cloath, and lodge the whole body of the people, should have such a share of the produce of their own labour as to be themselves tolerably well fed, cloathed, and lodged.
Page 200 - Man is necessarily confined in room. When acre has been added to acre till all the fertile land is occupied, the yearly increase of food must depend upon the melioration of the land already in possession. This is a fund, which, from the nature of all soils, instead of increasing, must be gradually diminishing.
Page 27 - Restore, I pray you, to them, even this day, their lands, their vineyards, their olive-yards, and their houses, also the hundredth part of the money, and of the corn, the wine, and the oil, that ye exact of them.
Page 220 - Rent is that portion of the produce of the earth, which is paid to the landlord for the use of the original and indestructible powers of the soil.
Page 249 - England of his day, whatever its limitations, was seething with important movements as interesting, in slightly different applications, on this side of the Atlantic as well as on the other...
Page 194 - Were the face of the earth, he says, vacant of other plants, it might be gradually sowed and overspread with one kind only, as for instance with fennel; and were it empty of other inhabitants, it might in a few ages be replenished from one nation only, as for instance with Englishmen.
Page 518 - ... 3. We hold that the conflict of labor and capital has brought into prominence a vast number of social problems, whose solution requires the united efforts, each in its own sphere, of the church, of the state, and of science. "4. In the study of the industrial and commercial policy of governments we take no partisan attitude. We believe in a progressive development of economic conditions, which must be met by a corresponding development of legislative policy.