Analytical Measurement Terminology: Handbook of Terms Used in Quality Assurance of Analytical Measurement
Royal Society of Chemistry, 2001 - Science - 74 pages
The variety of complex terms used in the Quality Assurance aspect of analytical measurement can be the cause of considerable confusion. This unique handbook explains the most widely-used terminology in language that is readily understood, and attempts to place each term in context. Concepts are described in a way that is useful to all practitioners, particularly those concerned with quality assurance, validation and reliability of analytical measurements. Explanations of terms are always in line with the "official definition", often developed by international committees. Adopting a thematic approach, Analytical Measurement Terminology is divided into six main parts. The first four parts address the logical progression of an analytical measurement, from obtaining a sample, through method and materials, to reporting the result. The two remaining parts include a variety of terms encountered in quality systems and documentation, along with definitions of "mathematical" terms likely to be encountered by the analyst in their everyday work. The index provides easy access to both the definitions and the accompanying examples. With its straightforward descriptions and many examples, this handbook, produced as part of the VAM (Valid Analytical Measurement) programme, will provide valuable assistance for a wide variety of new and experienced practitioners, as well as for teachers and lecturers.
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acceptable quality level accreditation action limits analyst needs analytical laboratory analytical measurement analytical method analytical procedure analytical result audit bias calculated certified reference material chemical client contamination control chart coverage factor defined describe detection limit documentation ensure estimate Example expanded uncertainty gas chromatography Gaussian identical samples identify instrument ions known concentration laboratory sample level of confidence limit of detection limit of quantitation matrix reference material mean measurand measurement uncertainty nitrate Non-parametric statistical null hypothesis obtained parameters precision Proficiency Testing schemes protocol quality assurance quality management quality system quantity random errors Relative standard deviation repeatability limit replicate Robust statistical ruggedness sample matrix sample preparation sample solution sample standard deviation sampling plan Section 6.2 spiked sample standard method standard operating procedures statistical substance systematic errors terms associated test material test portion test sample traceability types volumetric flask warning limit Z score