Official Aptitude Maximized, Expense Minimized: As Shewn in the Several Papers Comprised in this Volume

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R. Heward, 1830 - Finance, Public - 479 pages
 

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Page 10 - that extortion, in a large sense, signifies any oppression under colour of right; but that in a strict sense, it signifies the taking of money by any officer, by colour of his office, either where none at all is due, or not so much is due, or where it is not yet due.
Page 6 - Majesty, that no man hereafter be compelled to make or yield any gift, loan, benevolence, tax, or such like charge, without common consent by act of parliament...
Page 5 - Moreover, we have granted for us and our heirs, as well to archbishops, bishops, abbots, priors, and other folk of holy Church, as also to earls, barons, and to all the commonalty of the land, that for no business from henceforth will we take such manner of aids, tasks, nor prises, but by the common assent of the realm, and for the common profit thereof, saving the ancient aids and prises due and accustomed.
Page 46 - An honourable and fair profit is the best security .against avarice and rapacity ; as in all things else, a lawful and regulated enjoyment is the best security against debauchery and excess. For as wealth is power, so all power will infallibly draw wealth to itself by some means or other : and when men are left no way of ascertaining their profits but by their means of obtaining them, those means will be increased to infinity.
Page 57 - By the command of a father, I entered into the profession, and, in the year 1772 or thereabouts, was called to the bar. Not long after, having drawn a bill in equity, I had to defend it against exceptions before a Master in Chancery. " We shall have to attend on such a day...
Page 30 - What an unseemly spectacle would it afford, what a disgrace would it be to the' commonwealth that suffered such things, to see the hopeful son of...
Page 5 - No tallage or aid shall be taken or levied by us, or our heirs, in our realm, without the good-will and assent of archbishops, bishops, lords, barons, knights, burgesses, and other freemen of the land.
Page 15 - Somers, in the banker's case, will see he bottoms himself upon the very same maxim which I do ; and one of his principal grounds of doctrine for the alienability of the domain in England ', contrary to the maxim of the law in France, he lays in the constitutional policy of furnishing a permanent reward to public service ; of making that reward the origin of families ; and the foundation of wealth as well as of honours.
Page 16 - I know too, that it will be demanded of me, how it comes, that since I admit these offices to be no better than pensions, I chose, after the principle of law had been satisfied, to retain them at all ? To this, sir, I answer, that conceiving it to be a fundamental part of the constitution of this country, and of the reason of state in every country, that there must be means of rewarding public service, those means will be incomplete, and indeed wholly insufficient for that...
Page 31 - ... kind of justice; and still it was service that was paid. When we look over this exchequer list, we find it filled with the descendants of the Walpoles, of the Pelhams, of the Townshends: names to whom this country owes its liberties; and to whom his majesty owes his crown.

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